Regulations concerning aircraft without a pilot on board etc

Unofficial translation of the Norwegian text.

Legal authority: Act of 11 June 1993 No 101 on aviation Section 15-1 first paragraph; cf. Sections 4-1, 5-1, 5-3, 7-4 second paragraph, 9-1, 9-5, 9-7, 15-4; cf. Section 15-1 second paragraph; cf. Royal Decree of 10 December 1999 No 1265; cf. the Ministry of Transport and Communications' Delegation Decision of 10 December 1999 No 1273.

Chapter 1.          Introductory provisions

 

Section 1. Purpose

                Pursuant to the Aviation Act, all the requirements of the Act, including of regulations pertaining to the Act, shall apply to aircraft without a pilot on board. The purpose of these Regulations is to set out certain special provisions for aircraft without a pilot on board on the basis of the special type of aviation this constitutes and certain provisions for flying model aircraft.

 

Section 2. Area of application

The Regulations apply to all flying of model aircraft or aircraft without a pilot on board in Norway, including Svalbard, and in the airspace above the Norwegian continental shelf and the Norwegian economic zone.

 

Section 3. Military aviation

The Regulations do not apply to the Norwegian Armed Forces' use of aircraft without a pilot on board. Nor do the Regulations apply to temporary use by the Armed Forces of civil aircraft without a pilot on board for military aviation within a danger area or restricted area.

                                                               

Section 4. Definitions and abbreviations

For the purpose of these Regulations, the term

  1. aircraft without a pilot on board means a device without a pilot on board that moves through the air and where the purpose of the flying is something other than recreation, sport or competition;
  2. model aircraft means a device without a pilot on board that moves through the air and where the sole purpose of the flying is recreation, sport or competition;
  3. pilot means the person who operates the aircraft's control systems and is responsible for navigation and safety during the flight;
  4. pilot in command means the pilot who has been appointed to be in charge of navigating the aircraft and of safety during the flight;
  5. NOTAM (Notice to Airmen) means a notice that is distributed by means of telecommunication and that contains information concerning the establishment, conditions or change in any aeronautical facility, service, procedure or hazard, the timely knowledge of which is essential to personnel concerned with flight planning and operations.

For the purpose of these Regulations, the abbreviation

  1. VLOS (Visual Line Of Sight) means that an aircraft without a pilot on board is flown in such a way that the aircraft can be observed at all times without aids like binoculars, camera or other aids, other than ordinary eyeglasses;
  2. EVLOS (Extended Visual Line Of Sight) means that an aircraft without a pilot on board is flown beyond the visual line of sight of the pilot or pilot in command, where visual control is maintained by using one or more observers;
  3. BLOS (Beyond Visual Line Of Sight) means that an aircraft without a pilot on board is flown beyond the visual line of sight of the pilot, pilot in command or the observer(s);
  4. RO means an RPAS (Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems) operator
  5. MTOM means maximum take-off mass

 

Section 5. Supervision etc.

                The Civil Aviation Authority Norway (CAA Norway) oversees operators of aircraft without a pilot on board. The CAA Norway's inspectors shall be granted unobstructed access to all relevant areas in connection with supervisory activities. All relevant documentation shall be made available on request.

 

Chapter 2.          Flying model aircraft

 

Section 6. Flight restrictions

All model aircraft flights must be conducted in a considerate manner so that there is no risk of harm to aircraft, people, birds, animals or property and so as not to otherwise constitute a public nuisance.

The model aircraft must be clearly visible to the operator at all times so that full control of the model aircraft can be maintained. Model aircraft may only be flown during daylight hours and not

  1. at altitudes of more than 120 metres above ground or water,
  2. closer than 150 metres to people, motor vehicles or buildings not controlled by the aircraft operator, except during take-off and landing.

The restrictions in the second paragraph do not apply to flights that are securely conducted under the auspices of a model aircraft association.

If the operator of the model aircraft is assisted by a person standing next to the operator, and the model aircraft is clearly visible to him or her at all times, the flight may be conducted by use of information transmitted by a camera on board the model aircraft (first person view).

 

Section 7. Areas in which flying a model aircraft is not permitted

                Model aircraft may not be flown over or in the vicinity of military areas, embassies or prisons, except by permission from the local person in charge.

Model aircraft may not be flown in restricted areas established pursuant to the Aviation Act or the Police Act. Model aircraft may not be flown over or in the vicinity of a place where an incident site has been established by the emergency services or the Armed Forces in connection with an accident or other extraordinary event.

Except by permission from the local air traffic services unit, model aircraft may not be flown closer than 5 km to an aerodrome.

 

Section 8. Strict liability for damage to third parties etc.

The operator of a model aircraft is invariably liable for damage or losses suffered outside the model aircraft as a result of the aircraft being used for flying.

 

Section 9. Under the influence of alcohol etc.

                Nobody must fly a model aircraft under the influence of alcohol or other intoxicating or narcotic substance. Sections 6-11 and 6-13 of the Aviation Act shall apply correspondingly.

 

Section 10. Weapons etc.

                It is not permitted to fly model aircraft armoured with weapons or weapon systems. It is not permitted to fly model aircraft armoured with rockets, fireworks or other dangerous devices.

 

Chapter 3.          General requirements and restrictions applicable to all RPAS operators (RO)

 

Section 11. Requirements for leading personnel

Flights may only be conducted if the undertaking has an accountable manager, an operations manager and a technical manager.

 

Section 12. Transport of goods or passengers

Transport of passengers is not permitted.

Transport of goods is only permitted where this is specified in the licence from the CAA Norway.

 

Section 13. Requirements for altimeter or similar

                The pilot and pilot in command shall use an altimeter or another method to ensure that the aircraft does not fly more than 120 metres above ground or water.

 

Section 14. Fail-safe system

All rotor-operated aircraft shall have a built-in system to ensure that the aircraft can land automatically in the event of loss of control on the part of the pilot or pilot in command. All aircraft without a pilot on board (fixed wing) shall have a redundant system that ensures control of the aircraft in the event that the main radio communication system fails.

 

Section 15. Display flying

Display flying may only take place if authorised by the CAA Norway.

 

Section 16. Aerodromes

                Landings and take-offs of aircraft without a pilot on board may not be performed on aerodromes.

In special cases, landing and take-off on an aerodrome may take place by agreement with the local air traffic services unit, provided that local procedures are in place to ensure the safety of other air traffic. The management of other air traffic operations shall take precedence. The air traffic service is responsible for establishing sufficient safety distances.

 

Section 17. Strict liability for damage to third parties etc.

The operator is invariably liable for damage or losses suffered outside the aircraft as a result of the aircraft being used for flying. This does not apply, however, to damage to another aircraft or injury to persons or damage to objects in such an aircraft.

 

Section 18. Insurance

The operator is responsible for ensuring that it has insurance cover for third-party liability; cf. Section 11-2 of the Aviation Act.

 

Section 19. Under the influence of alcohol etc.

                Nobody must fly aircraft without a pilot on board under the influence of alcohol or other intoxicating or narcotic substance. Sections 6-11 and 6-13 of the Aviation Act shall apply accordingly.

 

Section 20. Weapons etc.

                It is not permitted to fly aircraft without a pilot on board armoured with weapons or weapon systems. It is not permitted to fly aircraft without a pilot on board armoured with rockets, fireworks or other dangerous devices, except by authorisation.

 

Section 21. Duty to notify of discontinuation

                The operator shall notify the CAA Norway if the undertaking is discontinued.

 

Chapter 4.          Requirements for RO 1 undertakings

 

Section 22. RO 1

RO 1 operators must notify the CAA Norway before starting up any new undertaking. Such notification shall contain information about the undertaking's name, address and contact information, as well as information about the type of aircraft that will be used.

An RO 1 undertaking is an undertaking in which aircraft

  1. with an MTOM of up to 2.5 kg and
  2. a maximum speed of 60 knots

will be operated exclusively within VLOS during daylight hours and subject to fixed safety distances; cf. Section 51.

 

Section 23. Requirements for organisation

The operator shall have an accountable manager, operations manager and technical manager. One and the same person may fulfil several functions.

The accountable manager has overriding responsibility for the undertaking. The accountable manager must be able to substantiate that the organisation is adapted to the size and complexity of the undertaking. The accountable manager must be 16 years or older.

The operations manager shall ensure that operations are carried out in accordance with the undertaking's operations manual.

The technical manager shall ensure that the undertaking's aircraft are airworthy.

If the undertaking is particularly complex, the operator must establish and maintain a quality system adapted to its operations. The quality manager shall ensure that the undertaking's quality assurance systems are upheld.

 

Section 24. Operations manual

                The operator shall have an operations manual in place that is adapted to the complexity of the undertaking's operations. As a minimum, the operations manual shall include:

  1. a description of the structure of the undertaking;
  2. a description of the types of operations that the undertaking conducts;
  3. a description of maintenance procedures;
  4. an overview of all aircraft operated by the undertaking.

 

Section 25. Log keeping

                A log shall be kept of flight times. As a minimum, the log shall contain information about which aircraft was used, who conducted the flight, what time the flight took place and the area in which the flight was conducted.

 

Section 26. Maintenance

The operator shall ensure that aircraft are maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

 

Section 27. Marking of aircraft

All aircraft shall be clearly marked with the operator's name and telephone number.

 

Section 28. Requirements for pilots

                Pilots must be able to demonstrate sufficient skills to ensure that flights can be conducted safely and in accordance with rules and regulations.

 

 

Chapter 5.          Requirements for RO 2 undertakings

 

Section 29. RO 2

RO 2 operators must obtain a licence from the CAA Norway before starting up an undertaking. The application must be accompanied by a risk analysis and an operations manual.

An RO 2 undertaking is an undertaking in which aircraft

  1. with an MTOM of up to 25 kg and
  2. a maximum speed of 80 knots

will be used for VLOS or EVLOS operations during daylight hours and subject to fixed safety distances; cf. Section 51, or BLOS operations in accordance with Sections 56–59.

 

Section 30. Requirements for organisation

The operator shall have an accountable manager, operations manager, technical manager and quality manager. One and the same person may fulfil several functions. The CAA Norway shall be notified of any changes to the organisation.

The accountable manager has overriding responsibility for the undertaking. The accountable manager must be able to substantiate that the organisation is adapted to the size and complexity of the undertaking. The accountable manager must be 18 years or older.

The operations manager shall ensure that operations are carried out in accordance with the undertaking's operations manual. The operations manager must meet the requirements set out in Section 36 first paragraph.

The technical manager shall ensure that the undertaking's aircraft are airworthy. The technical manager must be able to document that he or she has the requisite competence in the areas of aeronautical engineering, electronics and aerodynamics.

The quality manager shall ensure that the undertaking's quality assurance systems are upheld.

 

Section 31. Quality system

The operator shall establish and maintain a quality system that is adapted to the operations.

 

Section 32. Operations manual

The operator shall have an operations manual in place that is adapted to the complexity of the undertaking's operations. As a minimum, the operations manual shall include:

  1. a description of the structure of the undertaking;
  2. a description of the types of operations that the undertaking conducts;
  3. procedures for the operations to be carried out, including risk analyses;
  4. specification of competence requirements for maintenance personnel;
  5. specification of requirements for competence and refresher courses for pilots in command;
  6. maintenance programmes;
  7. an overview of all aircraft operated by the undertaking.

 

Section 33. Airworthiness

The operator may only use aircraft whose airworthiness can be documented. It must be possible to present documentation of the aircraft's design, control systems and other systems as well as practical maintenance. It must also be possible to document that the system has been tested for the planned aircraft operations.

A maintenance programme shall be established for the aircraft. The maintenance programme shall state when components are required to be replaced. The maintenance programme must include a procedure for updating the programme.

Technical flight time shall be logged for aircraft and critical components.

 

Section 34. Maintenance

Maintenance shall be carried out in accordance with the maintenance programme for the aircraft or system.

Maintenance shall be carried out by technical personnel approved by the technical manager. The competence of maintenance personnel to maintain the aircraft or system in question shall be documented.

 

Section 35. Marking of aircraft

All aircraft shall be clearly marked with and an aircraft identification number assigned by the CAA Norway.

 

Section 36. Requirements for pilots and pilots in command

In order to conduct a flight, the pilot or pilot in command must have passed an electronic examination (e-exam).

The CAA Norway is responsible for preparing training material and for organising the e-exam.

Pilots and pilots in command must be able to demonstrate sufficient skills to ensure that the flight can be conducted safely and in accordance with rules and regulations. These skills must be maintained through refresher courses.

 

 

Chapter 6.  Requirements for RO 3 undertakings

 

Section 37. RO 3

RO 3 operators must obtain a licence from the CAA Norway before starting up an undertaking. The application must be accompanied by a risk analysis and an operations manual.

An RO 3 undertaking is an undertaking in which the aircraft

  1. have an MTOM of 25 kg or more, or
  2. a maximum speed of 80 knots, or
  3. is operated by a turbine engine, or
  4. will be used for BLOS operations at altitudes of more than 120 metres, or
  5. will operate in controlled airspace at altitudes of more than 120 metres, or
  6. will operate over or in the vicinity of crowds of people other than in the cases mentioned in Section 51 third paragraph.

 

Section 38. Requirements for organisation

The operator shall have an accountable manager, operations manager, technical manager and quality manager. One and the same person may fulfil several functions. The CAA Norway shall be notified of any changes to the organisation.

The accountable manager has overriding responsibility for the undertaking. The accountable manager must be able to substantiate that the organisation is adapted to the size and complexity of the undertaking. The accountable manager must be 18 years or older.

The operations manager shall ensure that operations are carried out in accordance with the undertaking's operations manual. The operations manager must meet the requirements set out in Section 46 first paragraph.

The technical manager shall ensure that the undertaking's aircraft are airworthy. The technical manager must be able to document relevant technical competence in relation to the relevant systems operated by the undertaking.

                The quality manager shall ensure that the undertaking's quality assurance systems are upheld.

                 

Section 39. Quality system

The operator shall establish and maintain a quality system that is adapted to the operations.

 

Section 40. Operations manual

                The operator shall prepare an operations manual that is adapted to the complexity of the undertaking's operations. As a minimum, the operations manual shall include:

  1. a description of the structure of the undertaking;
  2. a description of the types of operations that the undertaking conducts;
  3. procedures for the operations to be carried out, including risk analyses;
  4. specification of competence requirements for maintenance personnel;
  5. specification of requirements for competence and refresher courses for pilots and pilots in command;
  6. maintenance programmes;
  7. an overview of all aircraft operated by the undertaking.

 

Section 41. Airworthiness

The operator may only use aircraft or systems approved by the CAA Norway for the relevant type of operation. The operator shall document that the aircraft, systems and components are sufficiently safe to be used for the relevant type of operation. Insofar as it is appropriate, the assessment shall be based on the Regulations of 4 March 2013 No 252 relating to airworthiness and environmental certification of aircraft etc. and the certification of design and production organisations.

The application must be accompanied by documentation of the system design, control system, type of components, technical safety systems and completed test programmes that show that the aircraft and system can carry out the relevant type of operation.

The CAA Norway may recognise aircraft, systems and components approved or certified by other aviation authorities.

A maintenance programme shall be established for the aircraft or system. The maintenance programme shall state when components are required to be replaced. The maintenance programme must include a procedure for updating the programme.

Technical flight time shall be logged for aircraft and critical components.

 

Section 42. Different types of operations

                Aircraft or systems intended exclusively for operations that may be carried out by RO 1 and RO 2 operators (cf. Sections 22 and 29; cf. Section 51) do not need authorisation pursuant to Section 41. The provisions of Sections 26, 27, 33 and 34 apply correspondingly to these aircraft.

 

Section 43. About test programmes

An operator may not initiate an aircraft of system test programme before the test programme has been approved by the CAA Norway. The application for approval shall include a description of the system test, including the type of operation the system is being tested for, where the test programme is to be conducted, safety documentation related to the implementation of the test programme and a checklist showing vital checkpoints.

 

Section 44. Maintenance

Maintenance shall be carried out in accordance with the maintenance programme for the aircraft or system.

Maintenance shall be carried out by technical personnel approved by the technical manager. The competence of maintenance personnel to maintain the aircraft or system in question shall be documented.

 

Section 45. Marking of aircraft

All aircraft shall be clearly marked with an aircraft identification number assigned by the CAA Norway.

 

Section 46. Requirements for pilots and pilots in command

In order to conduct a flight, the pilot or pilot in command must have passed an electronic examination (e-exam). The CAA Norway is responsible for preparing training material and for organising the e-exam.

Pilots and pilots in command must be able to demonstrate sufficient skills to ensure that the flight can be conducted safely and in accordance with rules and regulations.

In order to perform landings and take-offs on aerodromes, the pilot and pilot in command must hold an LAPL, PPL, CPL or ATPL.

The pilot and pilot in command must have sufficient knowledge to be capable of communicating with the air traffic service using applicable radio communication procedures. Pilots and pilots in command who will be using a radio must hold a radio telephony certificate.

 

 

Chapter 7.          Operational provisions applicable to all RO operators

 

Section 47. Rules of the air

The general rules of the air apply to aircraft without a pilot on board.

 

Section 48. Airspace

The pilot and pilot in command have a duty to familiarise themselves with the applicable airspace management. The pilot and pilot in command also have a duty to familiarise themselves with the applicable airspace classification and the air traffic services unit that is in charge of the area in which they plan to perform an operation.

 

Section 49. Right of way for other aircraft

Aircraft without a pilot on board shall give other aircraft right of way.

 

Section 50. Flight preparation

Prior to each flight, the pilot and pilot in command shall familiarise themselves with all available information that may have a bearing on the planned flight, including information about the weather conditions.

The pilot and pilot in command shall ensure that the aircraft is airworthy before the flight is conducted. All flights shall be conducted in accordance with applicable provisions, the operations manual and the limitations of the aircraft.

 

Section 51. Safety distances, maximum flight altitude

All flights must be conducted in a considerate manner so that there is no risk of harm to aircraft, people, birds, animals or property and so as not to otherwise constitute a public nuisan

The aircraft must be clearly visible to the operator at all times. Necessary safety distances must be maintained for all flights. It is not permitted to fly

  1. at altitudes of more than 120 metres above ground or water;
  2. closer than 150 metres to a crowd of more than 100 people;
  3. closer than 50 metres to people, motor vehicles or buildings not controlled by the pilot and pilot in command.

Aircraft with an MTOM of 250 grams or less may be used for VLOS, EVLOS or BLOS flying, though not at altitudes of more than 50 metres above ground or water. The safety distances provided for in the second paragraph (b) and (c) do not apply.

Flights other than in accordance with the safety distances in the second and third paragraph may only be conducted by RO 3 operators in accordance with the provisions set out in Chapter 9 and other conditions set out in the licence.

 

Section 52. First person view (FPV)

                FPV flying without BLOS authorisation, cf. Sections 57 and 64, is only permitted if the flight is conducted as a VLOS operation and the pilot in command has visual contact with the aircraft at all times.

 

Section 53. Extended visual line of sight (EVLOS)

                EVLOS flying may only be performed if the licence from the CAA Norway covers this type of operation.

                Two-way radio communication or continuous telephone communication between the pilot and observer is required for EVLOS flights.

 

Section 54. Areas in which flying is not permitted

                An aircraft without a pilot on board may not be flown over or in the vicinity of military areas, embassies or prisons. 

                An aircraft without a pilot on board may not be flown closer than 5 km to an aerodrome, unless the flight has been cleared with the local air traffic control service or flight information service.

 

Section 55. Flying when extraordinary incidents have occurred

Flying over or in the vicinity of places where an incident site has been established by the emergency services or the Armed Forces in connection with an accident or other extraordinary event may only be performed by permission from the incident commander.

 

 

Chapter 8. Supplementary operational provisions for RO 2 operators

 

Section 56. Beyond visual line of sight (BLOS)

                BLOS flying may only be performed if the licence from the CAA Norway covers this type of operation.

 

Section 57. BLOS flying at altitudes of up to 120 metres in Class G airspace  

BLOS flying at altitudes of up to 120 metres in Class G airspace or Class G airspace with an established Radio Mandatory Zone (RMZ) may only be performed if NOTAM to inform about the activity has been issued. The NOTAM shall be issued at least 12 hours before the activity commences.

In special cases, BLOS flying in Class G airspace with an established Radio Mandatory Zone (RMZ) may nevertheless be performed by permission from the flight information service and on the conditions laid down by the flight information service. The flight information service may only authorise such flying if it is clear that the flight can be conducted safely and without obstructing other air traffic.

 

Section 58. BLOS flying at altitudes of up to 120 metres in controlled airspace

BLOS flying at altitudes of up to 120 metres in controlled airspace may only be performed in active danger areas or restricted areas.

By way of exception, BLOS flying may be performed outside danger areas and restricted areas subject to clearance from the air traffic control service and on the conditions laid down by the air traffic control service. Clearance may only be granted if satisfactory separation can be established between the aircraft without a pilot on board and all and any other aircraft. 

 

Section 59. Mandatory lights

For all BLOS flying, the aircraft shall be fitted out with white low-intensity lights with a light intensity of at least 10 candela, where flashes are produced by rotating lights (strobe lights) at a rate of at least 20 flashes per minute. 

 

Section 60. Flying in the dark

When flying in the dark, the aircraft shall be equipped with operating lights; cf. driftsforskrift 25. april 1974 nr. 4166 for ervervsmessig luftfart med fly (Norwegian commercial air transport regulations of 25 April 1974 No 4166).

 

 

Chapter 9. Supplementary operational provisions for RO 3 operators

 

Section 61. VLOS and EVLOS flying in Class G airspace

                VLOS and EVLOS flying at altitudes of more than 120 metres is permitted in Class G airspace. The operator is responsible for assessing whether it is necessary, having regard to the nature of the flight or the area in which the flight will be conducted, to issue a NOTAM to inform about the activity. If so, the NOTAM shall be issued at least 12 hours before the activity commences.

 

Section 62. VLOS and EVLOS flying in controlled airspace and Class G airspace with established RMZ

VLOS and EVLOS flying at altitudes of more than 120 metres in controlled airspace may only be performed subject to clearance from the air traffic control service and on the conditions laid down by the air traffic control service.

VLOS and EVLOS flying at altitudes of more than 120 metres in class G airspace with an established Radio Mandatory Zone (RMZ) may only be performed by permission from the flight information service and on the conditions laid down by the flight information service. Permission shall not be granted if there is other air traffic in the airspace.

In controlled airspace and Class G airspace with an established Radio Mandatory Zone (RMZ), two-way radio communication or telephone communication shall be established between the pilot in command and the air traffic control service.

 

Section 63. Beyond visual line of sight (BLOS)

                BLOS flying may only be performed if the licence from the CAA Norway covers this type of operation.

 

Section 64. BLOS flying at altitudes of more than 120 metres in class G airspace

                BLOS flying at altitudes of more than 120 metres in class G airspace or class G airspace with an established Radio Mandatory Zone (RMZ) may only be performed in active danger areas or restricted areas.

In special cases, BLOS flying in Class G airspace with an established Radio Mandatory Zone (RMZ) may nevertheless be performed by permission from the flight information service and on the conditions laid down by the flight information service. The flight information service may only authorise such flying if it is clear that the flight can be conducted safely and without obstructing other air traffic.

 

Section 65. BLOS flying in controlled airspace

BLOS flying in controlled airspace may only be performed in active danger areas or restricted areas.

By way of exception, BLOS flying may be performed outside danger areas and restricted areas subject to clearance from the air traffic control service and on the conditions laid down by the air traffic control service. Clearance may only be granted if satisfactory separation can be established between the aircraft without a pilot on board and all and any other aircraft.

 

Section 66. Loss of control

In the event of loss of control of an aircraft at an altitude of more than 120 metres, the air traffic control service shall be notified immediately.

 

Section 67. Mandatory lights

The aircraft shall be fitted out with white low-intensity lights with a light intensity of at least 10 candela, where flashes are produced by rotating lights (strobe lights) at a rate of at least 20 flashes per minute for all flying

  1. in controlled airspace;
  2. at altitudes of more than 120 metres in uncontrolled airspace;
  3. BLOS.

 

Section 68. Flying in the dark

When flying in the dark, the aircraft shall be equipped with operating lights; cf. driftsforskrift 25. april 1974 nr. 4166 for ervervsmessig luftfart med fly (Norwegian commercial air transport regulations of 25 April 1974 No 4166).

 

 

Chapter 10. State operations

 

Section 69. State operations

                With the exception of Section 17, the provisions of these Regulations shall apply accordingly to civil government aviation for public-law purposes in connection with the activities of the police, customs and excise, public search and rescue services, fire services, coast guard and border control services and similar activities and services.

 

Section 70. Areas in which flying is prohibited

                Flying in restricted areas and other areas in which flying is prohibited under these Regulations is permitted for civil government aircraft without a pilot on board in connection with the activities of the police, customs and excise, public search and rescue services and fire services.

 

 

Chapter 11.Concluding provisions

 

Section 71. Infringement fines

Infringement fines pursuant to Section 13a-5 of the Aviation Act may be imposed for breach of the rules in Chapter 3 to 9.

 

Section 72. Suspension and revocation

                In the event of a breach of legislative or regulatory provisions, or the conditions set out in the licence, the CAA Norway may suspend or revoke the licence in whole or in part.

               

Section 73. Exemption

                For the purpose of research on and development of aircraft without a pilot on board, the CAA Norway may authorise operations and test flying even if the conditions that follow from the Aviation Act and pertaining regulations are not met. 

 

Section 74. Entry into force and transitional rules

                These Regulations enter into force on 1 January 2016.

An operator licence for undertakings that operate aircraft without a pilot on board granted by the CAA Norway prior to the entry into force of these Regulations will continue to be valid for the duration of the licence period. The provisions of the Regulations shall be fully applicable to the undertaking from the entry into force of the Regulations, unless otherwise provided for in this section.

An extension of six months will be granted for licences that expire during the first four months after the Regulations enter into force.

If the operator intends to continue to operate as an RO 1 undertaking after the expiry of the licence period, the CAA Norway must be notified of this before the date of expiry; cf. Section 22.

If the operator intends to continue to operate, but as an RO 2 undertaking, the application must be received by the CAA Norway no later than three months before the date of expiry. If the operator intends to continue to operate, but as an RO 3 undertaking, the application must be received by the CAA Norway no later than four months before the date of expiry.

The requirements for airworthiness in Section 42 will not apply until 1 January 2017. Up until that date, the requirements in Section 33 shall apply to RO 3. 

The requirements laid down for the operations manager do not apply to persons who have been approved as operations managers by the CAA Norway prior to the entry into force of the Regulations.

                Pilots or pilots in command in RO2 and RO3 undertakings must have passed their e-exam by 1 June 2016; cf. Sections 34 and 44.